It therefore helps secure the emancipation of labour from the domination of capitalism and landlordism, and the establishment of social and economic equality of the sexes.
Hence, the socialists want to promote the common economic, political and moral interests of the people by replacing the present individualistic society with public ownership and public control of the means of production and distribution.
The feudal system based on exploitation of labour and land slaves or serfs, was replaced by the capitalists through Bourgeoisie Democratic Revolution.
Thus under capitalism, the few roll in riches, while the many wallow in poverty. But according to the latter, i. Private proprietors of these use them for the purpose of making the largest amount of profits for themselves. Hence, the socialist management of production will not only prevent the exploitation of the many by the few, but it will bring into existence a new order of society where every decision with regard to what and how much to produce will be made by considerations of usefulness of such things to society.
Such denial of freedom of thought and action to the individual will remove one of the principal stumuli to progress and reduce man to the position of a machine.
Utopian socialism found its advocate in St.
Thus profit, according to Marx, is nothing but legalised robbery. Socialism is both an economic and a political doctrine. The advocates of Socialism regard the State as the instrument of achieving the greatest good of the largest community.
The decision as to what and how much to produce depends entirely on the sole consideration of private profit, the whole of which is appropriated by a small section of the people.
Socialism is the antithesis of individualism, which gave birth, to the capitalistic system of society. But under socialism, the means of production will be operated by the community through a highly democratic State-owned machinery, with a view to securing the maximum benefit to the society.
Within the unit of commune the creative urge of the individual has its due place and recognition.
It seeks to abolish private ownership of the means of production on the ground that such ownership and management lead to social inequalities and incompetence. Gandhiji also looks upon the state as an instrument of oppression of the common people.
But as against these, it has been said that religion in practice has more often than not sided with the men in power and in exploiting the working class has usually been indifferent to fundamental human values, in their ruthless pursuit of profit; what they have conceded is rather due to force than to religion or reason.
Socialism in practice—in former Soviet Union or in China—is also shown to be anti-democratic and totalitarian. Socialism as a doctrine, which is based on the claim of the many for recognition of their inherent rights against the unjust privileges of the few.Compare and Contrast Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism; Compare and Contrast Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism Communism, Capitalism, and Socialism Essay Words | 3 Pages.
More about Compare and Contrast Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism. Economic Systems: Capitalism, Communism and Socialism. - The Basics of Socialism and Communism The radical political essay, Communist Manifesto- written by the German revolutionary philosopher Karl Marx, addresses.
Man and Socialism in Cuba Guevara wrote "Notes for the Study of Man and Socialism in Cuba" in the form of a letter to Carlos Quijano, editor of Marcha, an independent radical zoeekly published in Montevideo, Uruguay/5(6).
Life expectancy among Russian males fell from 64 years in the last year of socialism to 58 years in (Wall Street Journal, 2/4/), below the level of Bangladesh and 16 years below Cuba's 74 years (Cuban National Statistics ).
Cuba Essay example - Cuba is a very unique country with regards to government and politics. It is distinctive not only in its being the last communist country in Latin America, but also due the fact that it has and is continuing to undergo major changes with regards to government policy.
Although the struggle and debate between these two economic theories have been going on for as long as history can take us, yet history has proved the inconsistency of these theories by first the failure of the Soviet Union and the poor conditions the Socialist countries nowadays are living in, like Venezuela, Cuba, Sweden, Greece, Russia, Vietnam, and Syria.Download